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Sample Essay (Academic) - Overall Band 8.0

Posted on 7 July, 2017 at 19:15

In many developing countries, there is a problem with declining quality of air and water from both industry and construction. What measures could be taken to prevent this?

by Andrey Gorbunov


There is no doubt that industrial and building companies cause air and water quality deterioration in some African, Asian or Latin American countries. Several suggestions to efficiently deal with the issue can be offered, which will be presented in the essay.


First of all, monitoring of environmental standards should be led by the government. Uncontrolled release of combustion products and waste water contribute most to environmental aggravation. In order to encourage companies to reduce pollution and start looking for more efficient waste management substantial penalties need to be created. For instance, the majority of European manufacturers prefer to invest into ‘green technology’ such as processed water and air purification instead of paying significant environmental fees.


The restraining measures described above can be compensated by the governmental support of environmental friendly initiatives. For example, a waste processing plant in Oslo, Norway is a property of private company; nevertheless, it receives significant contribution from the city budget. The government’s financial and legal indulgences motivate companies to implement ‘clean technology’, thereby promoting improvements in the quality of water and air.


Finally, much as adopting developed countries environmental policies may seem difficult for ecologically troublesome regions, it can open access to new technologies and investments. Updated rules supported by financial inflow will force polluting productions to use purification technologies so that they could correspond to higher standards.


In conclusion, there are several ways available to improve the quality of air and water; however, every possible solution requires active government’s actions.

(246 words)

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